Archive for October 2010

1906 – W.H.Herbert: ‘There is no such thing as “Macedonian” language’

October 14, 2010

From the book of W. H. Herbert “By-paths in the Balkans“, 1906. The writer exposes the absurdity behind the fictitious so-called “Macedonian” language, which makes as much sense as claiming, there is an “African” or a British language. The revolutionaries speak Bulgarian.

By Kostas68maced

The De-Bulgarization of Vardar Macedonia – How the Lie was Created

October 13, 2010

Yugoslavia was originally formed as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes after World War I, a state without ethnic homogenity. The Serbian national element was the most powerful, and Yugoslavia has always been some version of a Greater Serbia. Vardar Macedonia, the main portion of the geographical district “Macedonia,” was an­nexed to Serbia in 1913, under the name South Serbia, There were two opposing Serbian theories concerning the amalgamation of Macedonia into Serbia, Serbian aca­demic Jovan Cvjich asserted that the Slavs in Macedonia were Serbs, not Bulgarians. The other approach was ad­vanced by Serbian diplomat Stoyan Novakovich, who contended that the Bulgarians in Macedonia could not be made into Serbs,Therefore they should be transformed into Macedonians 

Following Soviet dictator. Stalin s line of “divide et im-pera, or dividing larger nations into smaller ones, the organization for the world s communist parties set up by the Soviets, (the Comintern) declared in 1934 that the “Macedonians”, the Thracians, and the Dobrudjans con­stituted separate nations distinct from the Bulgarians.1943, at the Second Anti-Fascist Assembly of the Peoples Liberation (AVNOJ) in Yaitsc, within the framework of the reorganization of the state of Yugoslavia into a federal peoples republic, six peoples republics were established: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, and “Macedonia”. The Communist leaders, despite the absence of any Macedonian represen­tatives at the assembly, declared the formation of the Peo­ples Republic of Macedonia as a part of Yugoslavia. This decision was confirmed on August 2, 1944, in the Prohor Pehinski Monastery, when a separate “Macedonian lan­guage” was decreed. The explanation was that such a lan­guage was needed in administration. Immediately after this meeting Yugoslav leader Josip Broz iito established a commission to produce a written Macedonian language. The commission worked under the direct control of the Central Committee of the Yugoslav Communist Party. The language was manipulated in a way that could be characterized as Serbianizing the Bulgarian language, us­ing, of course, as a basis the dialects that were character­istic of the district. All the literature of Macedonian writ­ers* memoirs of Macedonian leaders, and important documents had to be translated from Bulgarian into the newly invented “Macedonian”.  Thus the Comintern’s decision coincided with Serbian interests. In

With the establishment of the Republic of Macedonia, which covered 10.5 percent of the total area of Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav government had three objectives; to strengthen southern Yugoslavia by removing Bulgarian in­fluence; to make Macedonia as a whole, not just the Yu­goslav part, a connecting link for the establishment of a federation of Balkan peoples; and to create a Slavic con­sciousness that would inspire identification with Yugosla­via, Thus the historians of the Yugoslav Republic of Mac­edonia started declaring that Macedonia as a whole was a Slavic country both in its historical tradition and in its ethnic composition. For this reason, they claimed, it had to be united and form a unified state. The other two parts, Aegean Macedonia and Pirin Macedonia, would have to be restored, i.e., to be united with Yugoslav Macedonia,

The new policy really meant the denationalizing of the Macedonians (or the creation of a new Macedonian iden­tity). After World War II many intellectuals who opposed the denationalizational policy of Yugoslavia were perse­cuted and sent to prison. The first trials started May 28, 1945, In Skopje alone, eighteen trials were conducted against Bulgarians. Of the 226 accused, 22 were sentences to death, and the others to long years in prison. Similar trials took place elsewhere in Yugoslavia.

In September 1945 a “Macedonian” organization, the the Democratic Front “Ilinden 1903,” sent a lengthy letter co the wartime Allied governments. After cataloguing the sufferings of Bulgarians in Macedonia, it stated that “Without Free Macedonia, there will not be peace in the Balkans.” The group was accused by the Tito government of terrorist activities, and its leaders were sentenced by the Yugoslavs to long prison terms. Around the end of 1945 the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) was reorganized and began an illegal struggle. In 1946 IMRO issued a Memorandum to the Great Powers, expressing again the sufferings of the Bulgarian popula­tion in Yugoslav Macedonia. The leaders were arrested but were defended by the Communist prime minister of Mac­edonia, Metody Andonov-Chento. Though a Commu­nist, Chento also felt himself a Bulgarian. He was sen­tenced to twelve years in prison, and the delegation from the great powersUSSR, United States, France, Great Britainwas not allowed to meet him.

 

Under the influence of IMRO many pro-Bulgarian or­ganizations arose. Trial after trial followed in “Macedonia”. From 1944 to 1980 seven hundred political trials were conducted against intellectuals. Hundreds of death sen­tences were handed down and twenty three thousand in­dividuals disappeared and are presumed to have been murdered. Another 120,000 spent time in prisons and concentration camps180,000 emigrated to Bulgaria, the United States, and other countries. All of this occurred within an area whose population numbered only around two million in 1990.. Approximately

Even the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 did not weaken the resolve of the Serbs to maintain their power in the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, However, on September 8. 1991, a referendum was held in “Macedonia” that man­ifested the desire of “Macedonians” to leave Yugoslavia as the country appeared to be breaking apart. Because Serbia was engaged in other conflicts and also had too much confidence in the pro-Serbian authorities in Vardar Mac­edonia, a conflict did notarise. In 1992 the Yugoslav army left “Macedonia” peacefully but carried out many goods, especially armaments and other war materials. Before leaving the country the Serbs disbanded the democratic IMRO-Ied government, headed by Nikola Kliusev, and replaced it with a pro-Serbian one. But following the vic­tory of IMRO in the 1998 elections. President Kiro Gligorov appointed a new government headed by Liubcho Georgievski.

 

“Europe Since 1945” By Bernand A. Cook

1801 – The name ‘Macedonians’ of course identified Greeks

October 9, 2010

From the Monthly Magazine or British Register of 1801


It is evident that in the early 1800’s in the AustroHungarian Empire the name Macedonian was applied of course for Greeks.

Macedonia – 3 Facts that FYROM’s Slavs dont want you to know

October 7, 2010



1. The Ultranationalists of FYROM quite hypocritically, tend occasionally to use the term “Turks” as a derogatory remark against Greeks. However they conveniently forget:

Fact:

(1) Athens was captured from Ottoman Turks in 1458 and the city was liberated in 1821.

(2) Skopje was captured from Ottoman turks in 1392 and the city was liberated in 1912.

(3) Thessaloniki was captured from Ottoman turks in 1430 and the city was liberated in 1912.

(4) Trapezounta was captured from Ottoman turks in 1461, and the Pontian refugees migrated to Greece in 1923.

Therefore,

Skopje was under Turkish yoke for 520 years.

Athens was under Turkish yoke for 363.

Thessaloniki was under Turkish yoke for 480 years.

Pontian refugees were under Turkish yoke for 462 years before they came to Greece.

Conclusion:

Skopje was under Turkey for:

157 years MORE than Athens.

40 years MORE than Thessaloniki.

58 years MORE than the Pontian refugees.

2. FYROM’s Slavs  tend occasionally to use the term “Prosfygi” or “Christian Turks” as a derogatory remark against Pontian Greeks who settled in Greece. However they conveniently forget:

Fact:

In the aftermath of Ottoman conquests, the city of Skopje and generally lands of modern FYROM, were subjected to a systematic massive colonization of Ottomans and other Turkic tribes from which a great chunk of today’s FYROM population is originating from, since many of them were christianised (the rest originates from Bulgarian and Slavic settlers)

3. FYROM’s Slavs tend occasionally to use the claim that “Greek state renamed in 1900s all Slavic placenames in Macedonia, Greece”. However they conveniently forget:

Fact:

The renaming or, more precisely, the Hellenization, of the majority of toponyms is indicative of the process of homogenization attempted by the Greek state in the context of the modernization of the region and more generally the country. In fact Greek state succeed to restore original ancient Greek placenames found in classical geographical texts. On the other hand its highly hypocritical, Slavs, the same people who initially renamed ALL the original ancient Macedonian/Paeonian/Dardanian placenames to cry for the same thing they…initially did themselves.

For example,

1. Skopje

Even skopje its a changed name since it was originally founded by Dardanians as Skupi.

2. Debar

Another changed name. The first recorded document mentioning Debar is the map of Ptolemy, dating around the middle of the 2nd century, in which it is called Deborus.

3. Delcevo

Wikipedia says during Ottoman times it was called “Sultania” or “Sultaniye” and later Carevo Selo. The town was renamed its present name Delčevo in 1950.

4. Kavadarci

The name Kavadarci is derived from the Greek word, “Kavadion” which means “cape made from a valuable material”. The citizens of Kavadarci being manufacturers of this material, the first recorded use of this name was during the first half of the 19th Century.

5. Kicevo

The original ancient Illyriann name was Uskana . The town belonged to the Illyrian Penestae who inhabited the valley of the Treska/Velcka river and was mentioned for first time in the reign of Perseas, king of Macedon during the Third Macedonian War (171-169 BC). Another ancient name changed by Slavs.

6. Negotino

Negotino was known under the name of Antigoneia. It was founded by the Macedonian king Antigonus II Gonatas, in the period between 278–242 BC.

7. Gostivar

From wikipedia: “Possibly the first mention of the town was made by the Roman historian Livy. He records how during the Third Macedonian War the King of Macedon Perseus at the head of 10000 men, after taking Uskana (Kicevo), attacked Drau-Dak, today Gostivar.

8. Ochrid

Wiki: Historical names include Dassarites , land of the Dexaroi – was, in the view of Hammond an Epirot group a constituent sub-tribe of the Chaones. It was, however. the area of Epirus most subject to Illyrian pressure and was probably heavily affected by the latter. and the Greek names Lychnidos (Λύχνιδος), Ochrida (Οχρίδα) and Achrida (Αχρίδα), the latter two of which are still in modern usage.

9. Valandovo

Wiki: Evidence of life can be found beginning in the 10th-7th centuries B.C. There is a settlement known as Mal Konstantinopol (Small Constantinople) dating from Roman times, and the life in the Middle Ages is marked by Marco’s Tower. In the vicinity of the town there are also two very important archeological sites – The Isar Marvinci and the knowledge experts have on the existence of the ancient city Idomene.

10. Prilep

The site of the ancient Keramiai – a Pelagonian (and therefore Greek-speaking) town. The plain in which it dominates was known as the Keramesian Plain (Prilepsko Pole in Slavic). It was the northern part of the Pelagonian plain – the southern part, dominated by Heracleia Lynkestis/Bitola is known in Slavic as Bitolsko Pole.

11. Demi Hisar

It was known as SideroKastron when Greeks lived there. Later in Ottomantimes, the name was changed in to ”Demir Hisar” which in their language means ‘’ Iron Mountain’’. Another original greek toponymy renamed.

12. Demir-Kapija

Demir-Kapija is a place already mentioned in Classical times under the name of Stenae (Greek for gorge). In the Middle Ages it was known as a Slav settlement, under the name of Prosek, while today’s name originates from the Turkish reign, meaning “The Iron Gate”.

13. Štip

Originally an ancient Macedonian city called astibo which was renamed later to Štip.

14. Stroumica

Wiki: The town is first mentioned in II century B.C. with the name Astrayon. Later it is known by the name Tiveriopol. It got it’s present name from the slovan settlers.

15. Cepigovo

The ancient Styberra was renamed by Slavs as Cepigovo.

16. Bučin

The ancient Alkomena. Alkomena used to be one of the urban centres of Derriopos.

17. Gevgelija

The ancient Gortynia renamed into Gevgelija.

18. Titov Veles

It was known in antiquity as Bylazora.

19. Isar-Marvinci

There stood during antiquity according to archaeologists the ancient Idomenai.

20 Vardar

The ancient Bardarios was renamed in Slavic as Vardar.

21. Crna

The ancient Erigon renamed into the Slavic Crna.



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